Bardsey Island (Ynys Enlli) Plas Glyn-y-Weddw, Llanbedrog, Pwllheli

Bardsey Island (Ynys Enlli) Plas Glyn-y-Weddw, Llanbedrog, Pwllheli,  lies across the Sound about two miles (about 3km) off the tip of the Llŷn Peninsula in North Wales.

It is 1.5 miles (2.5km) in length and, at its widest point, it is just over half a mile (1km) across. The mountain, Mynydd Enlli, rises to a height of 167m. It covers an area of 180 hectares, most of which is farmed.

The island was bought by the Bardsey Island Trust in 1979.
It is managed by the Trust in conjunction with the Countryside Council for Wales and CADW. Bardsey is a National Nature Reserve, Site of Special Scientific Interest and part of the Llyn Environmentally Sensitive Area.

 

 

 

 

Bardsey is a National Nature Reserve and a Site of Special Scientific Interest.

It is a site which is both nationally and internationally important for wildlife. The wide range of special interest includes birds, rare flowering plants, lichens, liverworts and mosses, coastal grassland and heathland, seacliff ledges and marine wildlife. It forms part of several larger sites around the mainland coast and seas of the Llŷn Peninsula which are recognised internationally for their outstanding wildlife, in particular their birdlife, seacliff habitats and marine wildlife.

This places a responsibility on the Bardsey Island Trust, as owners, and the Countryside Council for Wales (CCW), as the government’s advisory body on wildlife conservation, to ensure that the island’s wildlife interest is protected for the future. The Trust and CCW, in partnership, have appointed a Field and Liaison Officer in recent years to help everyone involved with Bardsey to manage the island in a way which will take care of the wildlife and will help people enjoy and understand more about this very special interest of the place.

Along the coastal margin, the spring squill makes hazy blue carpets in early spring. It’s followed by dense tufts of thrift and patches of thyme and, later on, the bell heather and ling. The rarer plants include western clover and small adder’s tongue. Amongst the most notable of the plants are the lichens, of which Bardsey has a rich variety of over 350 species.

 Photograph by George Stoyle

Atlantic grey seals are to be seen in the rocky bays of the island. A small number breed on Bardsey each year.

The Bardsey Bird and Field Observatory opened in 1953. The island lies in the the spring and autumn migration paths of many birds and is home to the eye-catching choughs and oystercatchers; it is also common to see herons, peregrine falcons, wheatears, warblers and little owls, as well as sea birds such as gannets, razorbills and shags. Recent evidence suggests that puffins may be colonising the island too.

The island is mostly associated, however, with the Manx shearwater - there is a breeding colony of ten to sixteen thousand birds on the island.

 Photograph by George Stoyle

The seas around the island, with their forests of strap seaweed, are rich in marine life. In the rock pools you can see anemones, crabs and small fish, and in the deeper waters, filter-feeders such as sponges and sea-squirts cushion the rocks. One offshore species, the yellow star anemone, is more commonly found in the Mediterranean. Risso’s dolphins and harbour porpoises are frequently seen in the waters off the island.

Plas Glyn-y-Weddw,

Llanbedrog,

Pwllheli,

Gwynedd.

LL53 7TT

Tel/Fax: + 44 (0) 08458 11 22 33

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